How are Court Fines and Fees Determined?
Criminal Fees, Fines and Costs
Fines are punitive in nature and are authorized by the Illinois General Assembly, and ordered by the judge during sentencing. Fines are collected by the Circuit Clerk and distributed to State and Local agencies based on the charging statutes and the final disposition of the case. For example, if you plead guilty or are found guilty of any criminal offense you will be assessed $30.00 for the Juvenile Expungment Fine. The fine is then distributed between State and Local agencies for the costs of expunging juvenile records. This fine is applicable to the $5.00 credit for time served.
In addition to a fine, you will also likely be charged court costs, or fees. These charges are also authorized by the Illinois General Assembly and ordered by the judge. These fees provide reimbursement for services provided in the courthouse or directly on your case. For example, the Document Storage fee is $15.00 and provides reimbursement to the Circuit Clerk for costs of storing all filings and case folders. Fees and court costs are not applicable to the $5.00 credit for time served.
If you find that you cannot pay your court-ordered costs by the due date given to you by the judge, you may ask the court for more time by filing a Motion for Extension for Time to Pay. If filed within 30 days of sentencing, you may also file an Application for Waiver of Criminal Court Assessments. The waiver of court assessments is not valid for traffic or DUI cases.
Civil Filing Fees
Filing fees for civil and criminal cases are determined by the Illinois General Assembly and the Champaign County Board. The filing fee that is associated with a civil or criminal filing has been first approved by the Illinois General Assembly and the amount has been set by the Champaign County Board.
If you find that you cannot afford the filing fees, you have the opportunity to file an Application for Waiver of Court Fees. The Circuit Clerk’s office will accept your potential filing along with the Application for Waiver of Court Fees and the Order. If the Order is approved, your filing will be accepted. If the Order is denied, you will be notified by email or phone call of the date by which your fees must be paid.